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Five types of Empowerment for Women.

Updated: Nov 4, 2021

What do you think of when you hear the term empowerment? Do you envision Rosie the Riveter? Or maybe women marching down the streets of Washington D.C., holding up signs and rallying for equal rights as men. Empowerment doesn’t have a straightforward definition because it means something different to everyone. Keshab Chandra Mandal wrote that women's empowerment could be defined into five different categories and they are as follows: educational, social, economic, psychological and political.

Social empowerment is defined by the enabling force that strengthens women's social relations and their position in social structures. This can address social discriminations existing in society based on disability, race, ethnicity, religion or gender. Empowerment can also be defined as a multi-dimensional social process that helps people gain control over their own lives. This is a process that fosters power in people for use in their own lives, their communities and in their society, by acting on issues they define as important. This may be the one of the most prominent forms of empowerment that is shown in the mainstream media. Social empowerment strengthens women's social relations and their positions in social structures.

Educational empowerment is giving girls and women the opportunity to gain knowledge and receive a proper education. There are places in the world that deny women and young girls the chance to receive an education. Education gives everyone access to the knowledge necessary to understand their rights. This boosts self-confidence and self-esteem of young women helping them to become more self-sufficient. Educational empowerment can also discourage the growth of bigotry, narrow-mindedness, superstition, intolerance and more.

Economic empowerment can be a touchy topic. There are many places in the world where women may not have the same economic opportunities and privileges as their peers. If the economic gap is closed, it would allow everyone to have equal footing, and women, in particular, would gain a more significant share of control over material, human, intellectual, and financial resources.

The political empowerment of women often involves the decentralization of power in order to give women an opportunity to participate in the decision-making processes and implementation of governmental policies and programs. Being able to have a voice in politics can be substantial in letting a group's view be pushed into the light of mainstream media.When women have political influence, they can help to put into place policies that are beneficial not only to women, but to other oppressed groups who are often ignored.

Psychological empowerment goes hand in hand with social empowerment. It builds self-confidence that can help women recognize their own self-worth and gives them the chance to take control of their income and their body.

Empowerment is not something that someone can give you. It is something that comes from within; but sometimes you need help figuring out how to harness your voice and your power. You may feel confident and empowered in certain parts of your life, but disempowered in others. Understanding the different types of empowerment can help women see where they need to focus their energy in order to become confident in all areas of life. In turn their feelings of self-worth will improve, making them better friends, employees, partners, and parents.

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